Asia

Asia contains the highest mountains and the most extensive table-lands in the world. It is somewhat square, being bounded northwards by the Arctic Ocean, westward by Europe, southward by the Indian Ocean, and eastward by the North Pacific, and contains about 17,500,000 square miles; the greater part is made up of two extensive tracts of elevated land called table-lands, although these are often varied by valleys and mountain chains of great extent, yet as a whole, they are from 5000 to 10,000 feet above the level of the sea. The eastern table-land is that of Thibet and the Great Desert Gobi, and the western that of Persia.

Asia contains many great mountain chains, the chief of which are the Himalaya Mountains, which run along the centre of its southern part and contain some of the highest peaks in the world; the Dhawalagiri is 28,072 feet high, but there are some others supposed to be as high.

The Altai or Gold Mountains, forming a boundary to the lowlands of Siberia, the highest peak of which is called the Katunia Pillars, and is 11,000 feet high.

The Thain-schan or Celestial Mountains, the Kuen Lun, and the Hindoo Coosh, all of which run pretty nearly east and west, while the ranges called Uralian, Bolor, Khingan, and Chinese chains run nearly north and south.

ASIA.

Largest continental division of the globe, and oldest known in history. Area, 17,241,538 square miles. Extends from Arctic Ocean to equator, and through 165 degrees longitude; coast line nearly 40,000 miles.

Divisions.Area,
Sq. Miles
Population.Capitals.Pop.
Afghanistan 278,000 2,500,000 Kabul 60,000
Arabia 1,000,000 6,000,000 Mecca 40,000
Beloochistan 140,000 1,000,000 Kelat 10,000
British India 874,220 198,755,993 Calcutta 871,504
Ceylon 25,364 2,822,009 Colombo 111,942
China 1,537,590 350,000,000 Pekin 500,000
Chinese Empire 4,419,150 371,180,000 "500,000
Corea 82,000 16,227,885 Seoul 199,127
India, Native 509,284 55,150,456 Governed by Chiefs
Japan 148,456 36,700,118 Tokio 823,557
Manchooria 362,310 12,000,000 Saghalinoola
Mongolia 288,000 2,000,000 Governed by Chiefs
Nepaul 53,000 3,000,000 Khatmandu 50,000
Persia 610,000 7,653,600 Teheran 100,000
Russia 6,479,235 16,195,165 St. Petersburg 927,467
Siam 280,564 5,750,000 Bangkok 600,000
Syria 146,070 2,750,000 Damascus 150,000
Thibet 651,500 6,000,000 Lassa and Tishoo-Loomboo
Turkey 729,350 16,172,981 Constantinople 600,000

Lengths of Rivers

Miles.Miles.
Amoo-Daria 900 Hong-kiang 800
Amoor 2,600 Irtysh 1,700
Brahmapootra 2,300 Lena 2,700
Cambodia 2,000 Saghalien 514
Euphrates 1,750 Tigris 800
Ganges 1,600 Ural 1,000
Hoang-ho 2,800 Yang-tse-kiang 3,320
Indus 1,850 Yenisei 3,400
Irrawaddy 1,200

Areas Seas and Lakes

Square
Miles.
Square
Miles.
Alakton-kul 1,300 Palter 1,600
Aral 24,500 Po-yang 2,800
Baikal 12,500 Tingri-noor 2,800
Balkash 8,600 Tong-Lung 3,000
Caspian 180,000 Van 2,000
Dead Sea 400 Zaisang 1,300
Gennesaret 90 Zurrah 4,000
Koko-nor 2,040

Map of Asia