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Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis

Lord Cornwallis

Born 1738.—Died 1805.—George II.—George III.

A soldier who first served under the Marquis of Granby in the Seven Years' War in Germany.  On the breaking out of the American war he was sent there, and at first was very successful, but in 1781 was obliged to surrender at York Town to the United American and French armies.  In 1786 he was sent to India, where he took Bangalore and defeated Tippoo Sahib; on returning to England he was made Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, and was instrumental in carrying out the Union of England and Ireland.  He died of fever in India, whither he was sent as Governor General, on his way to join the army at Ghazepore.