Converter

An induction coil used with the alternating current for changing potential difference and inversely therewith the available current. They generally lower the potential, and increase the current, and are placed between the primary high potential system that connects the houses with the central station, and the secondary low potential system within the houses. A converter consists of a core of thin iron sheets, wound with a fine primary coil of many convolutions, and a coarse secondary coil of few convolutions. The ratio of convolutions gives the ratio of maximum potential differences of their terminals between the primary and secondary coils. The coil may be jacketed with iron to increase the permeance. (See Alternating Current System)

Fig. 110. FERRANTI'S CONVERTER OR TRANSFORMER.

Fig. 111.   SWINBURNE'S HEDGEHOG TRANSFORMER.