Hedge Plant

FLOWERING SHRUBS AND HEDGE PLANTS

Names and Descriptions Height in Feet Flowering Time Cultivation and Use
Spirea  (Spiraea Van Houtter ).—The most showy of the spireas; flowers in umbels two inches across. Handsome foliage all summer.6 June Plant in a conspicuous place with ample room. Cut out flowering wood in summer. Thrives anywhere.
Spirea  (SpiraeaAnthony Waterer ).—The only shrub of its season. Flowers crimson red produced successively for six weeks. Good for edging.3 July Prune off old flower heads as soon as withered to induce good second crop.
Mock Orange  (Philadelphus coronarius ).—Most fragrant white large flowered shrub. Valuable for tall screen. Flowers one and one-half inches across.12 June Old wood should be cut out from time to time, otherwise the tree gets very ragged.
Althea or Rose of Sharon  (Hibiscus Syriacus ).—The only tall shrub of late summer. Very hardy; leafs late. White or rose flowers.12 August Good for hedges and screens. Must be planted very early in the autumn.
Hydrangea  (Hydrangea paniculata, var. grandiflora ).—Most showy of all summer shrubs. White flowers, shading into pink and persisting all winter.6 to 15 July-August Prune very completely in winter for quantity of flowers next year.
Golden Bell  (Forsythia suspensa ).—The most showy, early-flowering shrub. Yellow flowers before the leaves. Branches arch over and root at tips.5 to 8 April-May Plant against a dark background, such as evergreens, or a hillside to set off flowers.
Japan Quince  (Cydonia Japonica )_.—Earliest bright scarlet flowered shrub. Useful also as a hedge. Plant as specimen. Slow growing.4 to 8 May Very subject to San Jose scale. Don't plant near orchards unless systematically sprayed. Stands close pruning.
Lilac  (Syringa vulgaris ).—Very fragrant lilac, white or purple flowers. Grows anywhere, even in partial shade.8 to 15 May-June Spray with potassium sulphide for mildew in August, September. Do not permit suckers to develop. Prune for form only.
Japanese Snowball  (Viburnum plicatum ).—Largest showy white balls of bloom, better habit than the common snowball and not so subject to plant louse.6 to 8 May-June Prune as little as possible. Should be planted on lawn as a specimen, or trained on wall of house.
Tartarian Honeysuckle  (Lonicera Tatarica ).—Most fragrant of all the early summer shrubs, especially at dusk. Flowers pink; several varieties red or white.8 to 10 May-June Plant in shrubbery where its presence is made known by the odor. Valuable as a low screen on seaside.
Weigela  (Diervilla florida ).—Showiest shrub of midsummer. Flowers pink, white, red. Best flowering shrub under big trees.6 to 8 June Can be planted where other shrubs fail. Free from insects and disease. Cut out old wood to the ground.
Wistaria or Wisteria  (W. Frutescens ).—Handsome hardy, slow-growing, climbing shrub. Flowers in elegant lilac-colored racemes, slightly scented.8 to 15 All Summer Adapted for screen or trellis.
California Privet  (Ligustrum ovalifolium ).—Fastest growing. Stands salt spray. Good soil binder. Stands severest pruning and can be trained high or low.6 to 8 ...Set six inches deeper than in the nursery and cut back to six inches or less.
Regel's Privet  (Ligustrum Ibota, var. Regelianum ).—Low growing, denser habit with spreading, drooping branches clothed with white tassels.2 to 6 June Useful as a border hedge to plantations and along roadways. Should not be planted as a protection.
Osage Orange  (Maclura pomifera ).—Grows in any soil. Makes a dense defensive hedge as far north as Massachusetts. Flowers white.3 to 15 May Unless regularly trimmed, the top branches will spread. Will exhaust soil on each side for some feet.
Japanese Barberry  (Berberis Thunbergii ).—Foliage down to the ground. Dense compact growth of small spiny branches making effective hedge in winter.4 June Does not need pruning. Red berries all winter, and foliage red until Christmas. Do not plant in wheat districts.
Honey Locust  (Gleditschia triacanthos ).—The thorniest of all. “Bull strong, horse high and pig tight.” Perfectly hardy. Fast and vigorous grower. Suckers.3 to 15 May Plant thickly and prune severely. Mice girdle in winter. Spring trimmings must be burned. Needs strict control.
Buckthorn  (Rhamnus cathartica ).—The best strong hedge, as dense and tight as honey locust but not so high. Thorny. Never ragged. Moderate grower.6 to 10 ...Spray with kerosene emulsion for hop louse. Old hedges that are out of condition are easily recovered by cutting back.
Trifoliate Orange  (Citrus trifoliatus ).—Best medium height hedge for the South where it is evergreen. Deciduous in the North. Foliage yellow in fall.......Not reliably hardy north of Philadelphia. White flowers followed by small yellow fruits make it ornamental also.
Tamarix  (Tamarix Gallica ).—Unexcelled for saline and alkaline soils, growing on the salt water's edge where nothing else will.5 to 10 ...Flowers feathery pink on old wood; on new wood in var. Narbonnensis. Foliage small.
Japanese Briar  (Rosa rugosa ).—The only rose suitable for a hedge. White, pink and red flowers.5 to 8 All Summer Suited for boundary or screen.