Prev. 100John Bunyan3 John Byrom1 John Campbell2 John Campbell Shairp1 John Charles Ryle1 John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlbor...1John Clare1 John Claudius Loudon1 John Cleveland1 John Conybeare1 John Cooke1 John Cordy Jeaffreson1 John Cumming1 John Cunningham1 John Dalberg-Acton, 1st Baron Acton5 John Davies (poet)1 John Davy1 John Dee2 John Denham (poet)1 John Dennis1 John Donne1 John Doran1 John Dory1 John Dryden2 John Dunn Hunter1 John Dunning1 John Dyer1 John Earle1 John Elwes1 John Evelyn2 John Flamstead1 John Flamsteed1 John Flaxman1 John Fletcher1 John Florio6 John Ford1 John Forster1 John Fortescue (judge)1 John Foster1 John Fox1 John Francis Waller1 John Franklin1 John Frederic Denison Maurice1 John Galt1 John Gardner Wilkinson1 John Gast1 John Gauden1 John Gay1 John George Phillimore1 John George Wood1 John Gibson1 John Gibson Lockhart1 John Gillies1 John Gilpin1 John Gower2 John Græme1 John Hales1 John Hall Stevenson1 John Hamilton Dalrymple1 John Hampden1 John Harington (died 1582)1 John Harington (writer)1 John Hatfield1 John Henry Blunt1 John Henry Newman1 John Henry Parker1 John Herschel1 John Hervey, 2nd Baron Hervey1 John Heydon (astrologer)1 John Heywood1 John Hill Burton1 John Home1 John Hookham Frere1 John Horne Tooke1 John Horne-Tooke1 John Howe1 John Hughes1 John James Blunt1 John James Garth Wilkinson1 John Jarndyce1 John Jortin1 John Josias Conybeare1 John Keats2 John Keble2 John Kelsey1 John Kitto1 John Knox2 John Lambe1 John Langhorne1 John Law1 John Leicester Warren1 John Leland1 John Lempriere1 John Lesley1 John Leyden1 John Lindsay Crawfurd1 John Lingard1 John Locke2 John Logan1 John Lord Manners1 Prev. 100

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

John Churchill

Born 1650.—Died 1722.—Charles II.—James II.—William III.—Anne.—George I.

Duke of Marlborough.  This celebrated general, born in Devonshire, went to court as a page under Charles II.  He married the beautiful Sarah Jennings, became attached to the Duke of York (James II.), and rose rapidly, through his great military genius.  James II. created him Lord Churchill, and by basely forsaking him for William III., he was created Earl of Marlborough.  In the war of the Spanish Succession (1702) Marlborough dashed from the Low Countries (Belgium) to Bavaria, and defeated the French and their allies at Donauwert, Blenheim (on the Danube, thirty-three miles from Ulm), Ramilies, Oudenarde, Malplaquet, and Arleux, and in numberless smaller engagements.  After the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713, Marlborough was created a Duke, and received from the nation a property and splendid palace near Woodstock, built by Sir John Vanbrugh, and called Blenheim.  Marlborough was unhappy in his private life.