LatimerClark’s Standard Voltaic Cell

A mercury and zinc electrode couple with mercurous sulphate as excitant and depolarizer. The positive element is an amalgam of zinc, the negative is pure mercury. Each element, in a representative form, the H form, is contained in a separate vessel which communicate by a tube. Over the pure mercury some mercurous sulphate is placed. Both vessels are filled to above the level of the connecting tube with zinc sulphate solution, and kept saturated. It is tightly closed or corked. The E. M. F. at 15° C (59° F.)is 1.438. Temperature correction

(1 -  (.00077 *(t - 15° C) ) )

t being expressed in degrees centigrade (Rayleigh). A diminution in specific gravity of the zinc solution increases the E. M. F. The cell polarizes rapidly and the temperature coefficient is considered too high.

Fig. 80. LATIMER CLARK'S STANDARD CELL.