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Magnetic Shunt

The conception of a magnetic circuit being formed, the shunt is a corollary of the theory. It is any piece of iron which connects points of a magnet differing in polarity, so as to divert part of the lines of force from the armature or yoke. The shunt is especially applicable in the case of horseshoe magnets. Thus a bar of iron placed across from limb to limb a short distance back from the poles would act as a shunt to the armature and would divert to itself part of the lines of force which would otherwise go through the armature and would weaken the attraction of the magnet for the latter. In dynamos a bar of iron used as a magnetic shunt has been used to diminish the lines of force going through the armature and hence to weaken the field and diminish the electro-motive force. By moving the shunt nearer or further from the poles the dynamo is regulated.

In the cut the projections between the yoke and poles of the magnet shown act as a shunt to the yoke, taking some lines of force therefrom.

Fig. 225. MAGNETIC SHUNT.