Mythology

n. The body of a primitive people's beliefs concerning its origin, early history, heroes, deities and so forth, as distinguished from the true accounts which it invents later.

Explanatory Chart of Greek and Roman Mythology: Showing the Origin, Relationship and Descent of Chief Myths

The relationship of these mythical personages are quite unlike those of mortals and are full of inconsistencies. To reconcile all the contradictions of the poets and mythologists is impossible. Perhaps this chart is as consistent with their fabulous tales as can well be made.

 
CHAOS
Produced  EREBUS, god of darkness, NOX, goddess of night, and TERRA,Earth.
- TITAN
Oldest of the twelve Titans.
- - JUNO , wife and sister of Jupiter, queen of the gods, and of Heaven and Earth.- By Them ´is.
 Astræa , the goddess of justice Nemesis , of vengeance.
By Juno.
 Mars , the god of war ; by Venus, Anteros, Harmonia; the goddess of youth ; once cupbearer to Jupiter.
THE CYCLOPS
Giants, at first three in number:
Arges,
Brontes,
Steropes.
JUPITER
or Zeus , the most powerful of all the gods; king of gods and men, had
Hebe , by her husband Hercules, Alexiares and Anicetus.
Typhon , by the monster Echidna, Chimæra and Sphinx.
Vulcan , the god of fire  and of blacksmiths, and husband of Venus; by his wife Venus, Cupid; by Medusa, Cacus, by Juno, Cæculus.
By Lato ´na.
 Apollo , the god of poetrymusiceloquencemedicinethe fine artsaugury, and archery.
Diana , the goddess of hunting, the patroness of chastity, presided also over childbirth.
By Ma ´ia.
TERRA or TITÆA
produced
CŒLUS  or URANUS,
Heaven.
BRIAREUS
A famous giant called by men Ægæon, and by the gods Braireus.
 Mercury , the messenger  of the gods, the god of eloquence  and commerce, the patron of travellersthieves, and knaves, and the conductor of the souls of the dead to the infernal regions. By Penelope, Pan. By the Greeks he was called Hermes.
By Mnemos ´y-ne.
 The Nine Muses.
TETHYS
Wife of Oceanus ; for offspring, see Oceanus
 
Cli ´o  presided over History. -See Dictionary of Mythology.
Calli ´o-pe  presided over eloquence and epic poetry.
Er ´ato  presided over lyric and amorous poetry.
Thali ´a  presided over pastoral and comic poetry and festivals.
Melpom ´e-ne  presided over tragedy.
Terpsich ´o-re  presided over dancing.
Euter ´pe  presided over music.
Polyhym ´nia  presided over singing and rhetoric.
Ura ´nia  presided over astronomy.
THEA
Wife of Hyperion ; the mother of rivers, and of about three thousand daughters, called Ocean ´i-des.
By Euryn ´o-me.
 Graces.
 
Agla ´ia  -Three beautiful virgins, attendants on Venus; presided over kindness and good offices, and were supposed to give to beauty its charms; represented dancing in a circle with their hands joined.
Thali ´a
Euphros ´y-ne
CŒLUS or URANUS,
i.e. Heaven, and
TERRA  or TITÆA,
i.e. Earth.
 -had SATURN
or Cronos ,
god of Time, had by Rhea  same as Ops, same as Cybele.
By Sem ´e-le.
 Bacchus , god of wine ; by his wife Ariadne, Thoas, Œnopion, Ceranus, Tauropolis, and others.
By Metis.
 Minerva , the goddess of wisdomwar, and the liberal and useful arts.
By Dione.
 Venus , said to have been borne in the foam of the sea; the goddess of love  and beauty, and mistress of the graces; wife of Vulcan ; for offspring, see Vulcan .
 MNEMOSYNE
Mother of the nine Muses.
By Ceres.
 Pros ´erpine , wife of Pluto, queen  of hell, presided over death. She was stolen away by Pluto while gathering flowers in Sicily, and became the mother of the Fates and Furies, which see under Dictionary.
By Euro ´pa.
 Minos Rhadamanthus , and Æ´acus , three inflexible judges of Hades.
THEMIS
Mother of Astræa, goddess of Justice.
By Leda. -See Dictionary of Mythology.
 Castor  and Pollux .
By Dan ´a-e.
 Per ´seus.
By Anti ´o-pe.
 Amphi ´on  and Zethus .
CYBELE
OPS or RHEA, wife of Saturn ; the goddess of all things ; styled Magna Mater  or Great MotherBona Mater  or Good Mother ; for off-spring, see Saturn .
By Segesta.
 Æolus , whose offspring were the various Winds.
By Alcmena.
 Hercules , whose descendants were the Heraclidæ.
VESTA , the goddess of fire, and patroness of Vestal Virgins, who had the care of the sacred fire in the temple of Vesta at Rome, which was kept continually burning.
CERES , the goddess of corn  and harvest. The famous Eleusinian mysteries  were celebrated in honor of Ceres, during the representation of which it was death to speak; as it was also to reveal afterwards what took place.
LATONIA , celebrated for her beauty, and for being greatly beloved by Jupiter and persecuted by Juno.
NEPTUNE , the god of the sea, the father of rivers and fountains, and, next to Jupiter, the most powerful deity; had by Amphitrite, TRITON, his father's companion and herald.
OCEANUS
The god of water, to whom the ancients recommended themselves when going on a voyage, had by Tethys.
PLUTO , the god of the infernal regions, of death  and funerals ; the dog Cer ´berus, a frightful mastiff with three heads, and a tail like a serpent, watches at his feet, and three Har ´pies, winged monsters, hover about him.
 
- AMPHITRITE had by Neptune TRITON, who had no offspring.
CYLMENE had by Japetus ATLAS, also Menœtius, Prometheus, Epimetheus, and others.
PHORCYS had by Ceto
- The Gorgons, viz., Medusa, Stheno, and Euryale; three sisters whose heads were covered with vipers.
The Graiæ, viz., Pephredo, Enyo, and Dinon.
ACHELOUS had by Calliope.The Sirens  were three sea nymphs, named Parthen ´opeLige ´ia, and Leuco ´sia, having the form of a woman above the waist, and the rest of the body like a flying fish.
The Harpies, viz., Aello, Ocypete, and Celæus.
HYPERION , god of the Sun, had by Thea, AURORA, the goddess of the morning ; represented riding in a rose-colored chariot drawn by white horses, usually covered with a veil, the morning star appearing overhead. She was called rosy-fingered, because she scattered roses; by Tithon ´us, a mortal, she had Memnon and Æmathion.
JAPETUS , father of mankind, had by Clymene, ATLAS, also Prometheus, Epimetheus, Menœtius, and others, called Japitonides.
 
EREBUS and NOX  -had - Light, or Day, Somnus, Mors, and Charon, the Ferryman  -Nox  or NightMors  or DeathSomnus  or Sleep, and Morpheus  (the minister of Somnus, who brought dreams to men) were infernal divinities.
Momus, god of laughter and satire, son of Somnus and Nox.
Ancient Roman Sun-god—Janus , the god of the year, presided over the gates of heaven, and over peace and war; represented with two faces. His temple in Rome was open in time of war and shut in time of peace.