Nymphae

Nymphæ (nim ´), or Nymphs .—Lesser female divinities supposed by the Greeks to dwell in the sea, springs, rivers, grottoes, trees and mountains. They had distinctive names, according to their habitat, as follows:

(i) The sea-nymphs, which were divided into two classes—the Oceanides (ō-se-an ´id-ēz ), or Nymphs of the Ocean, who were daughters of Oceanus (ō-sē´an-us ); and the Nereides (´re-id-ēz or nē-rē´id-ēz ), or Nereids (´re-ids ), the nymphs of the Mediterranean, who were the daughters of Nereus.

(ii) The nymphs of fresh-water (rivers, lakes, brooks or springs); called Naiades (´i-a-dēz ), or Naiads (´yads ).

(iii) Oreades (o-rē´ad-ēz ), the nymphs of mountains and grottoes.

(iv) Napææ (na-pē´ē), the nymphs of glens.

(v) Dryades (drī´ad-ēz ), or Dryads, and Hamadryades (ham-a-dri ´ad-ēz ), the nymphs of trees; these nymphs died with the trees that had been their abode, and with which they had come into existence.