Ohio

OHIO.O-hi´o.
"Buckeye State."

Name of Indian origin, signifying "Beautiful River."

First permanent settlement at Marietta, 1788; admitted as a State, 1802.

Area, 41,060 square miles; greatest length east and west, 225 miles: extreme breadth, 200 miles; Ohio river frontage, 430 miles; lake frontage, 230 miles; number counties, 88.

Temperature at Cleveland: winter, 27° to 38°; summer, 68° to 72° At Cincinnati: winter, 34° to 45°; summer, 74° to 79°. Rainfall at Cleveland, 38 inches.

Cincinnati, "Queen City of the West," founded 1789, the metropolis; pop., 255,139. Cleveland has one of the best harbors on the lake; pop., 160,146. Columbus, capital and great railroad center; pop., 51,647. Chillicothe, capital, 1800 to 1810; Zanesville, 1810 to 1812; Chillicothe, 1812 to 1816; Columbus, 1816. Toledo, Sandusky, Cleveland and Cincinnati ports of entry.

Number farms, 247,189, of which 199,562 are occupied by owners; average value per acre, cleared land, $47.53; woodland, $41.37 wheat crop, 1884, 41,186,000 bu.; corn, 85,393,000 bu.; Oats, 23,419,000 bu.; potatoes, 1883, 16,452,315 bu.; tobacco, 29,947,536 lbs. Average value corn, 1881, 41 cents; wheat, 75 cents; oats, 29 cents.

Salaries of State Officers.
Governor $4,000
Sec'y of State 3,000
Treasurer 3,000
Auditor 3,000
Attorney Gen.2,000
School Comm'r.2,000
Supt. Ins. Dep't 1,800
Railroad Com'r 2,000
Sec'y Board Ag.1,800
Com. Lab. Stati.2,000
Chief Justice 3,500
Senators,
Representatives
brace
$600 a y'r
and 12c. mileage.
2 District Judges 3,500, 4,000
Pension Agt.4,000
8 Collectors Int. Rev.2,500 to 4,500
Chart of Wool Production by State - headed by Ohio
Presidential P. O.
Akron $2,800
Canton 2,700
Chillicothe 2,400
Cincinnati 6,000
Cleveland 3,700
Columbus 3,400
Dayton 3,200
Delaware 2,400
Hamilton 2,400
Lima 2,400
Mansfield 2,700
Newark 2,400
Portsmouth 2,400
Sandusky 2,500
Springfield 3,100
Steubenville 2,400
Toledo 3,400
Youngstown 2,600
Zanesville 2,700
118 P.O.2,300 to 1,000

Latest reported dairy products give: milk, 46,801,537 gallons; butter, 67,869,604 lbs.; cheese, 19,978,436 lbs. Pork packing extensively carried on; hogs packed winter 1881-82, 618,348.

Ranks first in agricultural implements and wool; second in petroleum, iron and steel; third in wheat, sheep, coal, malt and distilled liquors; fourth in printing and publishing, salt, miles railway and soap; fifth in milch cows, hogs, horses, hay, tobacco and iron ore.

Population, 3,198,062; male, 1,613,931; female, 1,584,126; natives 2,803,119; foreign, 394,943; white, 3,117,920; colored, 79,900; Chinese, 109; Indians, 130.

State and congressional elections, Tuesday after first Monday in November; number Senators, 33; Representatives, 105; sessions biennial, but "adjourned sessions" practically amount to annual meetings; time, first Monday in January; limit of session, none; terms of Senators and Representatives, 2 years each.

Number electoral votes, 23; number voters, 826,577; insane and idiots excluded from voting.

Number colleges, 35; school population, 1,081,321; school age, 6-21.

Legal interest rate, 6; by contract, 8; usury forfeits excess above 6 per cent.

Map of Ohio