Prisons of London

Prisons .—Newgate , the chief criminal prison for the city and county, in the Old Bailey, was a prison in the new gate  of the city as early as 1218.  Two centuries after it was re-built, and in the Great Fire (1666) burnt down.  It was re-constructed in 1778–80; its interior burnt in the Gordon ‘No Popery' riots in 1780; and its interior again re-constructed in 1857.  Debtors are no longer confined here; the few who come under the new law—which has almost abolished imprisonment for debt—being sent to Holloway Prison  under the new law.  Till public executions were abolished, criminals came out for execution in the middle of the Old Bailey, through the small iron door over which is suspended a grim festoon of fetters.  They are now hanged privately inside the jail.  The condemned cells are on the north-east side of Newgate.  To view the prison, apply to the sheriff or the lord mayor.  The chief debtors' prison was  the Queen's Bench , in Southwark.  It is now a Military Prison .  The City Prison , Holloway, a castellated structure, was built in 1855, as a substitute for other and overcrowded jails in London.  Other prisons are the House of Correction , Cold Bath Fields, capable of holding 1,200 prisoners; the House of Correction , at Wandsworth; the House of Correction , Westminster; Millbank Penitentiary , near the Middlesex end of Vauxhall Bridge, which could, if wanted, hold 1,200 prisoners, and cost £500,000; Pentonville Model Prison Female Prison , Brixton; Surrey County Jail , Horsemonger Lane, on the top of which the infamous Mannings were hanged in 1849; and the House of Detention , Clerkenwell, which the Fenians tried to blow up.  The last prison is for persons not convicted.