Selenium

A non-metallic element. It is interesting electrically on account of the changes its electric resistance undergoes when it is subjected to light.

In one set of experiments it was found that diffused light caused the resistance to fall in the ratio of 11 to 9. Full sunlight reduced it to one-half. Of the spectrum colors red was most powerful and the ultra red region still more strongly affected its resistance.

The effect produced by exposure to light is instantaneous, but on removal to the dark only slowly disappears.

A vessel of hot water was found to have no effect, showing that short ether waves are essential to the effect.