Surgery

 Certain Instruments

Certain Instruments are required for the application of dressings in domestic surgery, viz.—scissors, a pair of tweezers or simple forceps, a knife, needles and thread, a razor, a lancet, a piece of lunar caustic in a quill, and a sponge. 


 Rules

The following rules should be attended to in applying dressings:

  1. Always prepare the new dressing before removing the old one.

  1. Always have hot and cold water at hand, and a vessel to place the foul dressings in.

  1. Have one or more persons at hand ready to assist, and, to prevent confusion, tell each person what they are to do before you commence; thus, one is to wash out and hand the sponges, another to heat the adhesive plaster, or hand the bandages and dressings, and, if requisite, a third to support the limb, &c.

  1. Always stand on the outside of a limb to dress it.

  1. Place the patient in as easy a position as possible, so as not to fatigue him.

  1. Arrange the bed after  changing the dressings; but in some cases you will have to do so before the patient is placed on it.

  1. Never be in a hurry when applying dressings, do it quietly.

  1. When a patient requires moving from one bed to another, the best way is for one person to stand on each side  of the patient, and each to place an arm behind his back, while he passes his arms over their necks, then let their other arms be passed under his thighs, and by holding each other's hands, the patient can be raised with ease, and removed to another bed. If the leg is injured, a third person should steady it; and if the arm, the same precaution should be adopted. Sometimes a stout sheet is passed under the patient, and by several people holding the sides, thy patient is lifted without any fatigue or much disturbance.



 Domestic Surgery

This will comprise such hints and advice as will enable any one to act on an emergency, or in ordinary trivial accidents requiring simple treatment: and also to distinguish between serious and simple accidents, and the best means to adopt in all cases that are likely to fall under a person's notice.

These hints will be of the utmost value to heads of families, to emigrants, and to persons who are frequently called upon to attend the sick. We strongly recommend the Parent, Emigrant, and Nurse, to read over these directions occasionally , —to regard it as a duty to do so at least three or four times a year, so as to be prepared for emergencies whenever they may arise. When accidents occur, people are too excited to acquire immediately a knowledge of what they should do; and many lives have been lost for want of this knowledge.

Study, therefore, at moderate intervals, the Domestic Surgery Treatment of Poisons Rules for the Prevention of Accidents How to Escape from Fires the Domestic Pharmacopœia &c., which will he found in various pages of Enquire Within .

And let it be impressed upon your mind that The Index  will enable you to refer to anything  you may require In A Moment . Don't trouble to hunt through the pages; but when you wish to Enquire Within , remember that the Index  is the knocker, by which the door of knowledge may be opened. 

To-morrow, Cries Too Late to be Forgiven.